Resveratrol ((E) -3,5,4′-trihydroksystilben) is a naturally occurring compound found in grape skins. This compound is known for its strong antioxidant properties – it prevents oxidative stress by sweeping free oxygen radicals. In addition, Resveratrol significantly increases blood flow in the brain and reduces inflammation, and is neuroprotective. Research on this compound suggests that resveratrol is effective against various kinds of viruses of the family Herpesviridae – especially herpes simplex virus HSV – 1, HSV -2, labial (face , mouth) and genital (herpes simplex virus) and can prevent the onset of cancer. Inflammation in the nerve cells is an important contributor to the onset of neurological diseases. Overactivity of inflammatory markers (microglia) can lead to irreversible damage to the nerve cells. Resveratrol acts as a neuroprotectant by inhibiting microglia. Resveratrol enhances the synthesis of nitric oxide, inhibiting platelet aggregation and lowering LDL cholesterol; thus having a protective effect on the cardiovascular system. Despite there being many well-documented health benefits of resveratrol, how it exactly works is still not fully understood.